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why was the one child policy introduced in China

One child policy was introduced in China. China’s Communist Party amended its landmark law, the Population, and Family Planning Law, to allow married couples to have two children.

The National People's Congress, China’s legislature and Communist Party-affiliated group, approved the change with a final vote of 2,958 in favor and only eight opposed.

Debate on the alteration to the one-child policy proposed by Chinese president Xi Jinping as an attempt to raise living standards as the country’s population aged fueled heated debate in recent months.

In the 1970s years of disruption following Mao Zedong's death led Beijing to impose a strict limit on family size. Having more than one child became a punishable offense during this time period.

Why China is the first country to implement the one-child policy?          

The one-child policy, introduced in 1979, The total population of China is  981.2 million in 1980 now  1.41 billion in 2021.  18.47% of the total world population.

What happened in China after the One-Child Policy was Lifted?

The one-child policy was introduced in 1979 to curb the country’s rapidly growing population.

Having more than one child was punishable by law. Under the one-child policy, families in which a woman had already had one child were allowed to have a second child if they were willing to pay a fee.

Starting in 2015, the policy was modified to allow families to have two children if their first child was a girl. The policy had widespread effects but was also controversial. Families that defied the policy were heavily fined, and sometimes forcibly sterilized.

From here you can get book One Child: 

The Story of China's Most Radical Experiment  by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

China’s Population: 

The number of births and deaths in China is 17,842,185 live births. 10,041,616 deaths.

China’s Lifetime Expectancy at Birth:

The average age of women at first birth in China in 2015 was 29.6 years old, according to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

The average age of women at first birth in China in 1990 was 27.6 years old.

China’s Fertility Rate:

The fertility rate in China in 2021 was 1.699 births children per woman.

The fertility rate in China in 1990 was 2.31 children per woman.

China’s Reproductive Rights:

According to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China’s Reproductive Rights Situation Report shows that “in terms of the number of women of childbearing age (15-49 years), the number of married women with a child under the age of 14, the proportion of married women who have given birth, the proportion of women with unmet need for contraception, and the abortion rate, China’s current situation is improving.”

China’s Gender Ratio:

In 2021, the gender ratio was 1.080 male births for every 100 female births.

The gender ratio is 1990 was 102.8 male births for every 100 female births.

China’s Population Density:

China’s population density was 153 per Km2 (397 people per mi2) square kilometer in 2021.

China’s population density was 122.59 people per square kilometer in 1990.

Source: Central Bureau of Statistics of China

The One-Child Policy’s Impact on China’s Population:

The one-child policy in China has helped slow the growth of the population in China.

In 2015, the total population in China was 1.4 billion

What were the Effects of the Policy?

the one-child policy was introduced in order to control the population of China. the government wanted to limit the number of people in China, as it was worried that too many people would lead to overcrowding and would also cause social problems

the economic growth of China slowed down significantly after the one-child policy was first introduced in 1979. but after the government decided to allow the two-child policy, the economy slowly started to expand again. the two-child policy allowed people to have two children. the two-child policy was introduced in 1979.

Why did so many people have to leave their homes? in the 1980s, there was an economic crisis in China and the government was worried about the effects of the crisis. as a result, several million people had to leave their homes and migrate to Hong Kong, Macao, and even outside of China. many of them had to start new lives in different places in the world.

although there were many disadvantages to the policy, there were some positive effects as well. the policy helped the Chinese government control birth rates. it did this by limiting the number of children that a couple was allowed to have, by having forced abortions, and by restricting the number of children that women could have. the policy also had a negative effect on the population of China as it led to large numbers of abandoned and unwanted children and caused many social problems.

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